Historic Sites and Houses

Cairnholy

These impressive neolithic tombs were built in the 4th millennium BC. They are of a form known as Clyde Cairns, characteristic of southwest Scotland. The appearance they have today was never intended as they would both have been topped by a mound of stone which has been long since reused for field dykes and other uses.

Cardoness Castle

Cardoness Castle is a typical Scottish Tower House built in the late 15th century for the McCullochs of Galloway - a prominent and rather lawless family.  The castle is built for defence with thick walls and mostly small window openings and with a double door with ‘murder hole’ above.  The layout inside is typical with the lower two floors used for storage, a well appointed great hall with some very fine surviving features, and above which were the private floors for the family.  The castle also has one of the best examples of a two-storey pit prison.  There is an excellent small exhibition in the custodian’s cottage on the way in.